Aztec Vampire Deities

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There are several vampire figures in Aztec mythology to include Camazotz, the cave god of the underworld, who was more of a soul demon than a vampiric figure.

Vampire goddesses related to the “earth lady,” Tlalteuctli, personified the rock and soil which humans live. Tlalteuctli was a terror-producing figure that was never pictured as a woman, but a huge toad with blood covering her jaws.

Several of the female figures that surrounded the earth lady that shared a thirst for blood included Coatlicue (serpent skirt), Chihuacoatl (snake woman), Itzpapalotl (obsidian knife butterfly), and the cihuateteo. These goddesses were also known as the chihuapipiltin, or princesses.

Of all the vampiric deities, the cihuateteo was the most vampiric. They originated from women who died in childbirth. They had once been mortal, had struggled with the child, and had succeeded in holding it until both died in the struggle. Thus, they attained the status of a warrior. The cihuateteo wandered the night and attacked children, leaving them paralyzed or diseased. The cihuateteo could be killed with daylight, so food offerings were often left at cross roads so that the creatures would gorge themselves and lay until sunlight, when they would be killed.